In the last few weeks we have seen some important data and statistics about the poverty in Mexico that unfortunately the Mexican population do not know because it is not publicized. The following figures are endorsed by the Economics Department at UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico), UNICEF, National Polytechnic Institute, CONEVAL (National Council for Evaluation of Social Development Policy) INEE (National Institute for Educational Assessment) and Metal Economics Group.
Poverty in Mexico
70 million Mexicans suffer from poverty and of the 112 million inhabitants of the country. (Figure 8 August)
Of the 70 million poor Mexicans, 52 million live in extreme poverty and 11 million live in the most extreme poverty.
Mexicans who lack basic resources for food: 21,204,441
Mexicans who have resources to cover their basic needs: 30,029,507
Mexicans that do not have any assets: 57,707,660
Mexico Total GDP (2011): U.S. $ 1.65 trillion dollars
45% of Mexico’s GDP is controlled by 200 the super rich Mexicans
During the administration of president Felipe Calderón 12.2 million Mexicans have fall into poverty.
The public health insurance service for the poor only covers 4 out of every 10 people that qualify for the program and 3 out of 10 have partial benefits.
Between 2006-2010 foreign firms controlled 40% of the Mexico’s mining industry and produced 220 tons of gold that generated 5.73 billion dollars. Foreign mining companies paid royalties to the Mexican government of 50 cents to $11 dollars for every hectare of land used for mining.
The Bank of Mexico purchased a portion of Mexico’s mined gold and paid $1,600 per ounce of gold or $52,800 dollars per kilo of gold.
56 million hectares in the mining industry are controlled by foreign capital.
Gold reserves in Mexico are worth 112 billion dollars, one billion 483 million 342 thousand pesos, up to 40% of Mexico’s federal budget for the year 2011.
73% of the companies that mine gold in Mexico, are Canadian.
19.75 people between the ages of 15 and 29 do not have access to high school education.
Only 50% of the Mexican indians have completed middle school.
57.6% of Mexico’s indian youth enrolled in school in contrast to the 77% school youth enrollment in urban locations.
56% of indigenous young have healthcare access
Government agencies have not excercies their whole budget:
SEP (Secretary of Education)
SAGARPA (Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food)
SCT (Secretary of Communications and Transport)
SEMARNAT (Secretary of environment and natural resources)
Sedesa (Secretary of Social Development)
SHCP (Secretary of Finance and Public Credit)
SEGOB (Secretary of the Interior)
PGR (Attorney General’s Office)
This is the result of 30 years of neo-liberal governments in Mexico starting with president Miguel de la Madrid in 1980′s.